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Edvard II of Arendaal
By the Grace of God, King of Arendaal and Suionia
http://i90.photobucket.com/albums/k251/r_l_777/alfred2.png
King of Arendaal
Reign 1350 – 1388
Coronation May 1350, Kronstad
Predecessor Queen Gisela I
Successor Queen Blanche I
King of Suionia
Reign 1349 – 1388
Coronation August 1349, Suionia
Predecessor King of Suionia
Successor Queen Blanche I
Consorts m1. Louise of Montelimar
m2. Catharina of Batavie
Birth 20 September 1327, Trondheim
Death 16 August 1388, Emyn Arnen
Father King of Suionia
Mother Queen Regent Gisela I of Arendaal
Issue Lief, Prince of Arendaal
Viveka, Holy Germanic Empress
Rikissa, Duchess of Franken
Royal House Kapétien Dynasty
House of Langsvard
Full Name Edvard der Langsvard-Kapét
Religion Christian (Catholic)
Buried Saint Chapelle
OOC Alfred the Great; Alexander depicted in a Manuscript for Engelbert of Nassau (Bodleian); Peter III of Aragon

Edvard II of Arendaal ("Edvard the Great") (1327 - 1388) was the King of Arendaal and the King of Suionia between 1350 and 1388. The only son of Queen Regent Gisela I of Arendaal and King x of Suionia, Edvard II was the first Monarch in history to rule both Kingdoms. This series of personal unions, the Union of Bergen (1350 - 1424), would last until the death of Edvard's great-grandson Niklaas III in 1424. Upon the death of his father in 1349, Edvard II ascended the throne of Suionia and, the following year, he inherited the Aren Crown from his mother. Neither country gave up their sovereignty or independence under the Union, however in practical terms they were not autonomous given that a common monarch had sovereignty over both realms. The Union would later be revised by Karl V and last from 1812 to 1956.



Edvard II was one of the most successful Aren monarchs of the Middle Ages. He consolidated royal authority, efficiently tackled the ravages of the Black Death, and through reform in his army and navy turned the country into among the most efficient military powers in Europe. His reign saw vital developments in legislature and government — in particular the evolution of the Aren parliament. In the medieval fortress cities of Arendaal and Suionia, and even in the heart of Emyn Arnen's old city, the legacy of Edvard II is visible everywhere. A skilled diplomat and an adept warrior, he was highly revered in his own lifetime. Also a generous sponsor of learning, he founded no less than seven colleges at Sylnarsson University Emyn Arnen and opened two more universities, in Trondheim and Bergen. He is also the namesake of the current Aren King, King Edvard V of Arendaal. His was one of the longest reigns in Aren history, outliving all three of his sons, and was eventually succeeded by his granddaughter Blanche I.

For other Aren rulers see Monarchs of Arendaal

BiographyEdit


Map showing the combined territories of Arendaal and Suionia ruled by Edvard II and his successors with the Union of Bergen (1350-1424)
Aren Royalty
Kapétien Dynasty
House of Langsvard

House of Sverker
Last monarch
   Isabelle I of Arendaal
Children include
   Sven III of Arendaal
Sven III
Consort
   Immanuelle of Saxony
Children include
   Kristian I of Arendaal
   Alienore,QueenofMontelimar
   Erika, Countess of Schlesnitz
   Hilda,Queen of Eiffelland
Kristian I
Consort
   Ursula of Franken
Children include
   Gisela I of Arendaal
Gisela I
Consort
   King of Suionia
Children include
   Edvard II of Arendaal
   Richenza,TalemantineEmpress
Edvard II
Consorts
   Louise of Montelimar
   Catharina of Batavie
Children include
   Crown Prince Lief (married Martha of Anglyn)
   Rikissa,Duchessof Franken
   Viveka,HolyGermanicEmpress
Grandchildren include
   Blanche I of Arendaal
   Nissa,Queen ofMontelimar
Blanche I
Consort
   Karl August of Saxony
Children include
    Niklaas III of Arendaal
    Kristine,TalemantineEmpress
House of Kronhielm

Union of Bergen (1350-1424)Edit

The series of personal unions which united the crowns of Arendaal and Suionia lasted from Edvard's reign to the death of Niklaas III. The diverging interests of the Aren Kings and the nobles of Suionia gave rise to occassional disagreements which sporadically hampered the Union of Bergen, even under Edvard II. However, the King's political skill and military prowess worked in his favour, allowing him to rule Suionia effectively. Historians agree that Edvard II was the epitome of a feudal lord and so was able to successfully marshall the loyalty of his Suionian subjects.


Court of King Edvard II of Arendaal

The plague: "Black Death"Edit

Edvard II dealt decisively with the devastating outbreaks of the plague that ravaged Arendaal in the first half of the 14th century. The Black Death claimed nearly a quarter of the Aren populace in the century, but his actions to combat it prevented the pandemic from claiming more than twice this number of victims.

Since its spread was facilitated by cramped unsanitary conditions, King Edvard ordered the 'clearing' of cities - making large urban populaces establish rural settlements. This depopulation of the cities meant that commerce suffered.

However, as the plague ravaged the economies of other neighbouring states, Edvard II took advantage of their plight to maintain Aren wealth and expand Aren power, especially over the Kingdom of Suionia which he also ruled.

Medieval ChilvalryEdit

The era of Edvard II has been romanticized as the height of the Age of Chivalry. While plague outbreaks raged and receded, courtly life and culture continued to thrive. He himself was the epitome of the medieval King, and his eldest son Prince Lief became the very embodiment of the ideal knight.

The medieval Aren knight was not only adept at the art of war: "Piety, courtesy, prowess in war, the gift of eloquence, the art of poetry, skill on horseback, dexterity with sword, lance, and bow" were all expected of him.


King Edvard II in his later years

The ideals of Christianity entrusted them with the duty to protect the weaker members of society and also help the Church maintain peace in Arendaal. The post-medieval code of behaviour for "gentlemen", which value a man's honor, respect for women, and a concern for those less fortunate, is directly derived from such earlier ideals of chivalry and the historical forces which created it.

Edvard II was, in many ways, a conventional medieval King, mainly interested in warfare, but also devoted to law-making, justice and the welfare of his subjects.

His interest in military affairs meant he conformed to the medieval notion of good kingship, and his administrative and legislative initiatives earned him praise in his own lifetime and from later historians. He was known to be temperamental man, but also capable of impressive clemency.

According to one source: "He was a successful statesman and warrior, ambitious, unscrupulous, imposing and impressive. His obligations as a king sat heavily on his shoulders. He felt himself bound by a special duty to follow a policy which would benefit his people. He was impatient and often terrifying, but he was also just and pragmatic enough to maintain order and solve problems as they arose. At this, Edvard II excelled."


Family Life and AlliancesEdit

Edvard II is unusual among medieval European monarchs in having no known illegitimate children. He married twice, first as a teenager to Louise of Montelimar, daughter of the King of Montelimar, to whom he was sincerely attached.


King Edvard II's wives: Louise of Montelimar (left) and Catharina of Batavie (right)

After Louise's death, in spite of his great grief over the loss, his counsellors prevailed upon him to remarry in order to reaffirm the alliance with the Kingdom of Batavie. Accordingly he married Princess Catharina of Batavie, decades his junior. The mismatched couple enjoyed a surprisingly happy marriage and Catharina became close to Edvard's children by Louise, who were more or less her age, and even to her husband's grandchildren. Catharina surprised and delighted the Aren court by choosing the name Lovisa for her daughter by Edvard II (an Aren form of the French name Louise) in honour of the King's first wife, Louise of Montelimar.

Edvard II's apparent devotion to his wives extended to the rest of the family as well; in contrast to so many of his predecessors, Edvard never experienced opposition from any of his four adult sons, all of whom predeceased him. His eldest son and heir, Crown Prince Lief, died in the first month of 1387, less than two years before Edvard II. The King's grief is thought to have contributed to his declining health in his final years and to his own death in 1388.

Through his own ancestry and the marriages he arranged for his children, King Edvard II was, without question, the best connected man of his age. Among his immediate relations he counted the Holy Germanic Emperors (who ruled what is now Wiese and its neighbouring states), the Emperors of the Talemantine Empire, the Dukes of Franken, and the Kings of Suionia, Montelimar, Eiffelland, Batavie and Anglyn.

Family, Marriage and ChildrenEdit

King Edvard II of Arendaal and Suionia married twice, firstly to Princess Louise of Montelimar. Their children included:

After Louise’s death, King Edvard II of Arendaal and Suionia married Princess Catharina of Batavie after the death of his first wife. Their children included:

SiblingsEdit

Other Royal RelationsEdit

AncestorsEdit

Edvard II of Arendaal's ancestors in four generations:

 
 
 
 
 
King of Suionia
 
 
King of Suionia
 
 
 
 
 
 
Queen of Suionia
 
 
King of Suionia
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
Queen of Suionia
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
King of Suionia
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
x
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
Queen of Suionia
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
x
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
Edvard II of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
Geoffrey of Breotonia
 
 
King Sven III of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
Queen Isabelle I of Arendaal
 
 
King Kristian I of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
Holy Germanic Emperor Maximilian III
 
 
Immanuelle of Saxony (Wiese)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Holy Germanic Empress
 
 
Queen Gisela I of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
Duke Thomas III of Franken
 
 
Duke Uwe IV of Franken
 
 
 
 
 
 
Duchess of Franken
 
 
Ursula of Franken
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
Duchess of Franken
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 

See AlsoEdit

Kapétien Dynasty
House of Langsvard

Aren Regnal Titles
Preceded by
Queen Gisela I
1328 – 1350
King of Arendaal
1350 – 1388
Succeeded by
Queen Blanche I
1388 – 1408
Prince of Norseberg
1350 – 1388
Grand Duke of Emyn Arnen
1350 – 1388
Suionian Royalty
Preceded by
x of Suionia
King of Suionia
1349 – 1388
Succeeded by
Queen Blanche I
Aren Royalty
Preceded by
Queen Gisela I
Crown Prince of Arendaal
1328 - 1350
Succeeded by
Crown Prince Lief

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