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Frederik II of Arendaal
By the Grace of God, King of all Arendaal
http://i90.photobucket.com/albums/k251/r_l_777/claudelorraine.png
King of Arendaal
Reign 1520 - 1545
Coronation April 1520, Kronstad
Predecessor King Rurik II
Successor King Johannes I
Consort Helena of Franken
Birth 31 Oct 1496, Loire
Death 20 May 1545, Bergen
Mother Queen Marguerite I of Arendaal
Father Juan Carlos, Prince of Coronado
Issue Johannes I of Arendaal
Katherine I of Arendaal
Bjorn III of Arendaal
Royal House Kapétien Dynasty
House of Norregaard
Full Name Frederik der Kronhielm av Norregaard-Kapét
Religion Christian (Catholic)
Buried Norseland Chateau

Frederik I of Arendaal ("Frederik the Renaissance King") (1496 - 1545) was the King of Arendaal between 1520 and 1545. He was the son of Queen Regent Marguerite I of Arendaal and her husband Juan Carlos Vázquez, Prince of Coronado. His mother had been the first Queen of Arendaal to rule despite having living brothers, and shortly after her death in 1517 Frederik's uncle Rurik II seized the throne. It took three years before Frederik's forces won back the throne and he was crowned in 1520. Frederik II is considered to be Arendaal's greatest late "Renaissance King". His reign saw Arendaal make immense cultural and scientific advances. It also saw the beginnings of religious tensions, and Frederik is remembered for his role as mediator between Dominican Catholics and Protestants. Eminent historian Anika Lee-Springfelt wrote: "In Frederik the Renaissance and the Reformation were for a moment one."

BiographyEdit

Renaissance King and Man of LettersEdit


King Frederik II of Arendaal
Aren Royalty
Kapétien Dynasty
House of Norregaard

House of Kronhielm
Last monarchs
   Marguerite I of Arendaal
   Rurik II of Arendaal
Marguerite I's children
   Frederik II of Arendaal
   Gisela, Queen of Franken
   Malena,HolyGermanicEmpress
Frederik II
Consort
   Helena of Franken
Children include
   Johannes I of Arendaal
   Katherine I of Arendaal
   Bjorn III of Arendaal
Johannes I
Consort
   Blanche of Montelimar
Children include
   Kristian II of Arendaal
   Elisa, Queen of Anglyn
   Adele,TalemantineEmpress
Katherine I
Consort
   Matthieu of Lorraine
Bjorn III
Consort
   Sophie of Eiffelland
Kristian II
Consort
   Frederika of Suionia
Children include
   Adeliza I of Arendaal
   Elisabet,Queen ofEiffelland
Adeliza I
Consort
   Robert of Franken
Children include
   Edvard III of Arendaal
   Alienore of Havenshire
   Karolina,QueenofMontelimar
House of Lundmark


Like his mother and his illustrious ancestors since King Niklaas III (1408-1424), Frederik II was an important supporter of the change entailed in the Aren Renaissance. Following precedent, he became a major patron of the arts and lent his support to many of the greatest artists of his time and encouraged still more to come to his Kingdom.

Many worked extensively for him and he was a ferverent admirer of Leonardo Da Vinci, for both his mother and grandfather had acted as Da Vinci's greatest patrons. It is popularly believed that he held Leonardo’s head in his arms as the master died in 1519. Frederik employed the finest craftsmen of the day to decorate the great Chateaus he built himself or which had been built by his grandparents. Norseland Chateau, for instance, had a gushing fountain in its courtyard where quantities of wine were mixed with the water.


Procession of King Frederik II of Arendaal and his court


It was during Frederik's reign that the magnificent art collection of the Aren kings that can still be seen in the Hermitage was truly expanded. Frederik was also renowned as a man of letters, supporting a number of major writers , and expanding the royal library greatly.He also set an important precedent by opening his library to scholars from around the world in order to facilitate the diffusion of knowledge.


King Frederik II's Queen, Helena of Franken

Frederik II's reign also continued the trend of the Aren Renaissance by supporting trade and commercial ventures, and in so doing, increasing the country's wealth. He was a great legislator, standing out in the eyes of his people as a high-minded sovereign and a magnanimous exponent of justice.

Reformation: Catholics and ProtestantsEdit

In addition to his reputation as a great patron anmd Man of Letters, Frederik's reign is most well-known for the beginnings of the Reformation in Arendaal. At this point the nation teetered on the precipice of a bloody civil war into which it would plunge after the King's death.


Masque at the court of Frederik II at the Hermitage Palace


Although Frederik was a Catholic, his espousal of reform within the Church led many officials to claim that he had Protestant sympathies. His confessor, however, wrote in his memoirs that Frederik was devout, that "his heart was pained to see the problems within the Church, and to witness his subjects fighting over how best to worship God".

Historians generally agree that he was not a Protestant, although he extended unusual tolerance to Protestants in general. Before 1534, he essentially gave them leave to worship as they chose. After this point, Frederik's stance on the religion became more conservative.


King Frederik II of Arendaal


Following the "Affair of the Placards", on the night of 17 October 1534, in which notices appeared on the streets of Emyn Arnen and other major cities denouncing Mass and during which several priests were killed by mob riots. After this ferverent Protestant ministers could find themselves jailed or even executed, albeit in small numbers.

Generally, however, Frederik II's regime granted protection to Protestants from charges of heresy or persecution. He even allowed persecuted Protestants from other European nations to settle in his Kingdom.

Throughout his reign Frederik insisted that so long as they did not attack the Catholic faith, they should not be harmed.


Marriage of King Frederik II and Helena of Franken


Frederik also played a role in protecting the Pagan and Jewish subjects of his kingdom. In late 1523, on the suggestion of his favorite doctor and dentist, the Jewish Moses Hamon, he issued a decree formally denouncing blood libels against the Jews. He was especially unusual in establishing dynastic links with non-Christian dynasties.

One famous philosopher and critic esteemed him highly, writing: "... for a King to grant his protection to people persecuted for opinions which he believes to be false; to open a sanctuary to them; to preserve them from the flames prepared for them; to furnish them with a subsistence; liberally to relieve the troubles and inconveniences of their exile, is an heroic magnanimity which has hardly any precedent ..."

Family, Marriage and ChildrenEdit

King Frederik II of Arendaal married Princess Helena of Franken. Their children included:

SiblingsEdit

Other Royal RelationsEdit

AncestorsEdit

Frederik II of Arendaal's ancestors in four generations:

 
 
 
 
 
King of Coronado
 
 
King of Coronado
 
 
 
 
 
 
Queen of Coronado
 
 
King Fernando II of Coronado
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
Queen of Coronado
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
Juan Carlos Vázquez, Prince of Coronado
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
x
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
Queen of Coronado
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
x
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
Frederik II of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
Charles of Montelimar
 
 
King Gustav IV of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
Queen Madeleine I of Arendaal
 
 
King Harald III of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
Duke of Potenza
 
 
Niccola Grimaldi of Potenza
 
 
 
 
 
 
Duchess of Potenza
 
 
Queen Marguerite I of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emperor Stefano Emanuelle I of the Talemantine Empire
 
 
Emperor Giovanni Luciano III of the Talemantine Empire
 
 
 
 
 
 
Talemantine Empress
 
 
Ottavia of the Talemantine Empire
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
Talemantine Empress
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 

See AlsoEdit

Kapétien Dynasty
House of Norregaard

Regnal titles
Preceded by
King Rurik II
1517 - 1520
King of Arendaal
1520 - 1545
Succeeded by
King Johannes I
1545 - 1550
Prince of Norseberg
1520 - 1545
Grand Duke of Emyn Arnen
1520 - 1545
Aren royalty
Preceded by
Queen Marguerite I
Crown Prince of Arendaal
Prince of Fjordholm

1497 - 1517
Succeeded by
King Johannes I

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