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Gustav IV of Arendaal
By the Grace of God, King of all Arendaal
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King of Arendaal
Reign 1454 - 1480
Coronation August1454, Kronstad
Predecessor King Pieter I
Successor King Harald III
Consort Niccola of Potenza
Birth 22 October 1426, Trondheim
Death 27 October 1480, Emyn Arnen
Mother Queen Regent Madeleine I of Arendaal
Father Charles of Montelimar
Issue Harald III of Arendaal
Anne, Queen of Montelimar
Nikolina, Talemantine Empress
Royal House Kapétien Dynasty
House of Kronhielm
Full Name Gustav der Kronhielm-Kapét
Religion Christian (Catholic)
Buried Kronhielm Tombs, Emyn Arnen

Gustav IV of Arendaal ("Gustav the Learned") (1426 - 1480) was the King of Arendaal between 1454 and 1480. He was the second son of Queen Regent Madeleine I of Arendaal and Prince Charles of Montelimar, and came to the throne when his elder brother King Pieter I, who suffered from a debilitating mental illness, abdicated in 1454. Gustav IV is principally remembered for his legacy as a consummate Renaissance man and for establishing ties to the Duchy of Potenza through his marriage to Countess Niccola Grimaldi.


Gustav IV (in a red cap) alongside his brother Pieter I

Under his rule, the country flourished econom ically, intellect ually and artist ically. He was viewed with admiration by ordinary citizens and the Aren nobility alike, as well as by many foreign rulers who took his example of a King devoted to Renaissance ideals as a model for their own rule. Although it was his son Harald III and his descendant Frederik II who were hailed as the Renaissance Kings of the country, it was during Gustav's reign that the seeds of the Renaissance, which had been previously introduced into Arendaal by his grandfather King Niklaas III, began to flower and take firm hold.

As Gustav IV came to power upon his brother's abdication, many assumed that he had stolen his brother's power by taking advantage of Pieter I's insanity. However, there is overwhelming evidence to show that Gustav cared for his sibling and for his well-being.

Aren Royalty
Kapétien Dynasty
House of Kronhielm

House of Langsvard
Last monarch
   Blanche I of Arendaal
Children include
   Niklaas III of Arendaal
   Kristine,TalemantineEmpress
Niklaas III
Consort
   Anna of Franken
Children include
   Madeleine I of Arendaal
Madeleine I
Consort
   Charles of Montelimar
Children include
   Pieter I of Arendaal
   Gustav IV of Arendaal
   Madeleine, Holy Germanic Empress
   Sigrid,HolyGermanicEmpress
   Frederika,QueenofEiffelland
Pieter I
Consort
   Eliana of the Talemantine Empire
Gustav IV
Consort
   Niccola of Potenza
Children include
   Harald III of Arendaal
   Anne, Queen of Montelimar
   Nikolina,TalemantineEmpress
Harald III
Consort
   Ottavia of the Talemantine Empire
Children include
   Marguerite I of Arendaal
   Rurik II of Arendaal
Marguerite I
Consort
   Juan Carlos of Coronado
Children include
   Frederik II of Arendaal
   Gisela, Queen of Franken
   Malena,HolyGermanicEmpress
Rurik II
Consort
   Caitlin of Eireann
Children include
    Dukes of Skaneland
Succeeded by
    Frederik II of Arendaal
House of Norregaard

Gustav IV and his wife, Princess Niccola of Potenza, holding court


After his abdication, Pieter I lived comfortably, and often contently, with an entire household of caretakers at Loire Chateau, where his brother visited him frequently. He never showed the slightest inclination to return to the throne. Pieter's confessor, when writing an account of the King's life, professed of Gustav: "never could a brother be more kind or more gentle".

Gustav IV was also demonstrably generous to his other relatives. When Pieter's wife, Eliana of the Talemantine Empire desired to have her marriage annulled following Pieter's abdication, Gustav intervened to procure it for her.

Eliana went onto marry the Grand Duke of Haakonsberg and had issue, remaining a key figure at Gustav's court. It was she who arranged the marriage of Gustav's son and heir, the future King Harald III, to her own niece Ottavia of the Talemantine Empire, and the marriage of her nephew (Ottavia's brother), Giovanni Luciano IV of the Talemantine Empire to Gustav IV's daughter, Princess Nikolina

Gustav IV was ever a great Renaissance ruler, especially seeking to strengthen ties with southern Europe. His own marriage to Countess Niccola, of the House of Grimaldi, a Princess of the southern European Duchy of Potenza fostered firm ties to the south. This was something the marriages of his children would similarly reinforce, especially with the Talemantine Empire. In addition ties were also strengthened to the Nordic, French and Germanic Kingdoms with which Arendaal had historically close relations. This was especially true thanks to the marriage of his sister Empress Madeleine to the first Franconian Holy Germanic Emperor.



The King was praised for his generosity and concern with the lives of ordinary people, though courtiers often claimed that he was too cold, calculating and "too much of a realist" to be truly approachable. Gustav was more of an administrator than he was personable, a respect in which he differed from his son, Harald III, who was celebrated for his charm.

Gustav IV modernized the justice system and showed concern for the welfare of his subjects. He encouraged learning, literacy, science, music, new architectural undertakings and the fine arts. He promoted commerce and gained great wealth by establishing banks in Arendaal and around Northern Europe. He improved and modernized Aren harbours, greatly aiding commerce between Arendaal and foreign powers. He fostered irrigation projects throughout the country, nearly doubling the amount of land that could be cultivated for agriculture throughout the country.

The King also enacted edicts of rights for minorities like Jews and other persecuted foreigners (in many ways setting the foundation for the later Edict of Bergen of 1560 which would enshrine its Acts for the Preservation of Religious Freedoms into the very heart of Aren law).


Fresco in the Villa d'Nord, depicting an allegory of Gustav IV's family in procession as the Magi

Gustav IV's 26 year reign had been one of prosper ity for Arendaal and his passing was greatly mourned. One writer wrote of Gustav IV's death: "My pen cannot express all of the great and good qualities that he showed...in all things he was better than the best. No elegy can ever equal his merits."

Gustav's court included artists and scholars who are now renowned as pillars of the 15th century Renaissance. Along with the many works which he commissioned himself, he helped artists and inventors secure commissions from other patrons. He invited artists, scholars and authors to court, often paying for their expenses and even dining with them as equals. He paid for the training of many young budding artists (girls and boys) who displayed a natural talent for the fine arts.

Gustav was something of an artist himself, writing poetry in Norse Arnen and in Latin. In his poetry he celebrates life even while—particularly in his later works—acknowledging with melancholy the fragility and instability of the human condition. Love, feasts and light dominate his verse. He supported the development of humanism through his circle of scholarly friends who studied Greek philosophers, and attempted to merge the ideas of the ancients with Christianity. He also began the collection of books which became the Library of Fontainebleau, featuring rare first editions of classical works and other priceless works. He employed a large workshop to copy his books and disseminate their content across Europe.

Family, Marriage and ChildrenEdit

King Gustav IV of Arendaal married Princess Niccola of Potenza. Their children included:

SiblingsEdit

Other Royal RelationsEdit

AncestorsEdit

Gustav IV of Arendaal's ancestors in four generations:

 
 
 
 
 
King Louis V of Montelimar
 
 
King Henri VIII of Montelimar
 
 
 
 
 
 
Queen of Montelimar
 
 
King Jean V of Montelimar
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
Queen of Montelimar
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
Charles of Montelimar
 
 
 
 
 
 
King Edvard II of Arendaal
 
 
Crown Prince Lief of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
Louise of Montelimar
 
 
Nissa of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
King Edmund III of Anglyn
 
 
Martha of Anglyn
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wilma of Northumbria
 
Gustav IV of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
Crown Prince Lief of Arendaal (10)
 
 
Queen Regent Blanche I of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
Martha of Anglyn (11)
 
 
King Niklaas III of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
Holy Germanic Emperor Emperor Lothar II
 
 
Karl August of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
Holy Germanic Empress
 
 
Queen Regent Madeleine I of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
Duke Thomas IV of Franken
 
 
Duke Uwe V of Franken
 
 
 
 
 
 
Duchess of Franken
 
 
Anna of Franken
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
Duchess of Franken
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 

See AlsoEdit

Kapétien Dynasty
House of Kronhielm

Aren Regnal Titles
Preceded by
King Pieter I
1444 – 1454
King of Arendaal
1454 - 1480
Succeeded by
King Harald III
1480 - 1497
Prince of Norseberg
1454 - 1480
Grand Duke of Emyn Arnen
1454 - 1480
Aren royalty
Preceded by
King Pieter I
Crown Prince of Arendaal
Prince of Fjordholm

1444 - 1454
Succeeded by
King Harald III

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