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Kristian II of Arendaal
By the Grace of God, Emperor of the North
King of all Arendaal
http://i90.photobucket.com/albums/k251/r_l_777/loraineguise.png
Emperor of the North
Reign 1560 - 1570
Coronation March 1560, Svealand
Predecessor None; First Emperor
Successor Empress Adeliza I
King of Arendaal
Reign 1560 - 1570
Coronation March 1560, Kronstad
Predecessor King Bjorn III
Successor Queen Adeliza I
Consort Frederika of Suionia
Birth 1 Aug 1530, Nareath
Death 28 Sep 1570, Emyn Arnen
Father King Johannes I of Arendaal
Mother Blanche of Montelimar
Issue Adeliza I of Arendaal
Elisabet, Queen of Eiffelland
Royal House Kapétien Dynasty
House of Norregaard
Full Name Kristian Frederik der Norreegard-Kapét
Religion Christian (Protestant; born Catholic)
Buried Notre Dame de Emyn Arnen

Kristian II of Arendaal ("Kristian the Great" or"Good King Kristian") (1530 - 1570) was the King of Arendaal and the first Emperor of the North, reigning from 1560 to 1570. It was Kristian II who restored peace to Arendaal after the Wars of Religion ravaged the country between 1545 - 1560, declaring it a Protestant nation while enacting the Edict of Bergen to institutionalize religious freedom. Kristian was hailed the Empire of the North by Protestant Churches, and was crowned with the title in Svealand, then part of Suionia and the leading centre of Protestantism, in 1560. The Empire would last until 1730, encompassing much of Northen Europe at its height.

Kristian was the son of King Johannes I of Arendaal and Blanche of Montelimar.


A handsome portrait of Kristian II in his 20s
Aren Royalty
Kapétien Dynasty
House of Norregaard

House of Kronhielm
Last monarchs
   Marguerite I of Arendaal
   Rurik II of Arendaal
Marguerite I's children
   Frederik II of Arendaal
   Gisela, Queen of Franken
   Malena,HolyGermanicEmpress
Frederik II
Consort
   Helena of Franken
Children include
   Johannes I of Arendaal
   Katherine I of Arendaal
   Bjorn III of Arendaal
Johannes I
Consort
   Blanche of Montelimar
Children include
   Kristian II of Arendaal
   Elisa, Queen of Anglyn
   Adele,TalemantineEmpress
Katherine I
Consort
   Matthieu of Lorraine
Bjorn III
Consort
   Sophie of Eiffelland
Kristian II
Consort
   Frederika of Suionia
Children include
   Adeliza I of Arendaal
   Elisabet,Queen ofEiffelland
Adeliza I
Consort
   Robert of Franken
Children include
   Edvard III of Arendaal
   Alienore of Havenshire
   Karolina,QueenofMontelimar
House of Lundmark

With hisActs for the Preser -vation of Religious Freedoms, the Edict of Bergen confirmed that the country's populace, whether Protestant, Catholic, or of another faith, were free to worship as they choose without fear of discrimination, persecution or maltreatment.

This guarantee of religious liberties effectively ended the civil war and made Kristian II one of the most popular Aren kings, both during and after his reign. Although tensions between Catholics and Protestants were not finally resolved until the end of the 17th century, Kristian's reign marked the end of violence and the beginning of reconciliation. Kristian showed great care for the welfare of his subjects and displayed an unusual religious tolerance. His assassination in 1570 by a fanatical Protestant led him to take on a martyr-like legacy. For his promulgation of laws protecting freedom of religion he was nicknamed Kristian the Great or Good King Kristian, and for his foundation of the Empire of the North, he is one of the most celebrated figures of Aren history.

BiographyEdit

Succession Edit


Kristian II, the Great

By the time his father King Johannes I suddenly died (possibly poisoned) in 1550, Kristian II had openly converted to the Protestant religion. Attracting the support of Catholic nobles, Kristian's aunt Katherine I seized the throne. Kristian, fearing for his life, fled north and denounced Katherine's policies towards Protestants. He claimed that he would treat subjects equally be they Catholic or Protestant (a claim which was not initially believed by the Catholic nobility), but Katherine rejected his right to rule and declared him a heretic.

Meanwhile, full scale war broke out between Catholics and Protestants as Katherine and her younger brother Bjorn III suppressed Protestantism and grievances turned bloody.


Kristian II's wife, Frederika of Suionia

In 1549 Kristian married Frederika of Suionia to secure the support of the staunchly Protestant Kingdom. with the Battle of the Cross in 1560, Kristian's forces defeated those of Bjorns and he ascended the throne as King of Arendaal. His first official Act was dubbed the Edict of Bergen made Arendaal a Protestant nation but also guaranteed religious liberties to all.


Empire of the NorthEdit

Once crowned King, Kristian decided that Northern Europe sorely needed unification to deter further strife. His forces invaded X, and the Protestant clergy of Northern Europe hailed him the Great Ruler or Great Emperor of the North. Kristian was crowned with this title in Svealand, then part of Suionia and the centre of Protestantism in Northern Europe. Thus the Empire of the North was born in 1560, and would continue to flourish in Scania until its dissolution some two centuries later.

Kristian negotiated a treaty with the Regent of his wife Frederika's young nephew in 1560, King x, whereby the Kingdom of Suionia became part of the Empire of the North, with the Suionian King becoming a vassal of the Emperor. Suionia enjoyed a high level of autonomy, exercising practically complete control over its colonial possessions and exploratory voyages but was from then on heavily involved in the Empire’s trade ventures and furnished the Imperial army with steadfast military support. It also remained the centre of the Protestant faith in Northern Europe.

The Great RulerEdit


Kristian II shortly before his assasination

Kristian II proved to be a man of vision and courage. He adopted policies and undertook projects to improve the lives of his subjects, earning him great popularity. A declaration attributed to him is: "If God spares me, I will ensure that there is no working man in my Kingdom who does not have the means to have a chicken in the pot every Sunday!"

This egalitarian statement epitomises the peace and prosperity Kristian brought to Arendaal after a decade of religious war, and demonstrates how well he understood the plight of the Aren worker and peasant farmer. His forthright manner, physical courage and military successes also contrasted dramatically with the turbulent languor of the last Catholic Kings of Arendaal.

Tired of bloody struggles and material deprivation, Kristian's charisma won the day with the Aren people. He also expanded the grounds of the Hermitage, adding the Grande Galerie to the palace. More than 400 meters long and thirty-five meters wide, this huge addition was at the time was the longest edifice of its kind in the world. A promoter of the arts by all classes, he invited hundreds of artists and craftsmen to live and work on the building’s lower floors, a tradition that would continue for another two hundred years.

Assassination in 1570Edit

Although he was a popular ruler, Kristian became the victim of an assassination plot in 1570. He was stabbed by a fanatically passionate Protestant, Leif Armansen, who believed the King had been too tolerant of Catholics and 'heretics'. The Protestant obsession with 'heresy' had a great deal to do with the to the King's refusal to persecute Catholics, leaving many Protestant religious leaders insecure about their own position.


King Kristian II (centre), flanked by his daughters, Adeliza I (right) and Elisabet, Queen of Eiffelland (left), and his Queen Frederika of Suionia (far right)


Kristian II was buried in Notre Dame de Emyn Arnen and was much mourned.

A cult around his personality of emerged during the Adelizan era, that is, during the reign of his daughter Adeliza I of Arendaal who succeeded him in 1570. Subsequent monarchs continued the tradition of emphasising the reign of the benevolent Emperor and King Kristian II. Adeliza's long reign came to be known as a "Golden Era", marked by peace and boomming commerce that owed a great deal to the foundations laid by Kristian II.

Family, Marriage and ChildrenEdit

Kristian II, King of Arendaal and Emperor of the North married Princess Frederika of Suionia in 1549. Their children included:

SiblingsEdit

Other Royal RelationsEdit

AncestorsEdit

Kristian II of Arendaal's ancestors in four generations:

 
 
 
 
 
King Fernando II of Coronado
 
 
Juan Carlos Vázquez, Prince of Coronado
 
 
 
 
 
 
Queen of Coronado
 
 
King Frederik II of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
King Harald III of Arendaal
 
 
Queen Marguerite I of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ottavia of the Talemantine Empire
 
 
King Johannes I of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
Heinrich VI of Franken, Holy Germanic Emperor*
 
 
Duke Nikolaus IV of Franken
 
 
 
 
 
 
Holy Germanic Empress
 
 
Helena of Franken
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
Duchess of Franken
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
Kristian II of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
King Phillippe III of Montelimar
 
 
King Jean VI of Montelimar
 
 
 
 
 
 
Queen of Montelimar
 
 
King Philippe IV of Montelimar
 
 
 
 
 
 
King Gustav IV of Arendaal
 
 
Anne of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
Niccola Grimaldi of Potenza
 
 
Blanche of Montelimar
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
x
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
Queen of Montelimar
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
x
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 

*Heinrich VI's mother was Madeleine of Arendaal, Holy Germanic Empress

See AlsoEdit

Kapétien Dynasty
House of Norregaard

Empire of the North
Preceded by
none
Emperor of the North
1560 - 1570
Succeeded by
Empress Adeliza I
1570 – 1604
Aren Regnal Titles
Preceded by
King Bjorn III
1554 – 1560
King of Arendaal
1560 - 1570
Succeeded by
Queen Adeliza I
1570 – 1604
Prince of Norseberg
1560 - 1570
Grand Duke of Emyn Arnen
1560 - 1570
Aren Royalty
Preceded by
Johannes I
Crown Prince of Arendaal
Prince of Fjordholm

1545 - 1560
Succeeded by
Adeliza I

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