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Niklaas III of Arendaal
By the Grace of God, King of Arendaal and Suionia
http://i90.photobucket.com/albums/k251/r_l_777/memling3-1.png
King of Arendaal
Reign 1408 - 1424
Coronation Sep 1408, Kronstad
Predecessor Queen Blanche I
Successor Queen Madeleine I
King of Suionia
Reign 1408 - 1424
Coronation Oct 1408, Suionia
Predecessor Queen Blanche I
Successor x
Birth 8 May 1389, Emyn Arnen
Death 7 July 1424, Loire
Consort Anna of Franken
Mother Queen Regent Blanche I of Arendaal
Father Karl August of Saxony
Issue Madeleine I of Arendaal
Royal House Kapétien Dynasty
House of Kronhielm
Full Name Niklaas der Kronhielm-Kapét
Religion Christian (Catholic)
Buried Kronhielm Tombs, Emyn Arnen

Niklaas III of Arendaal ("Niklaas the Magnificent") (1389 - 1424) was the King of Arendaal and the King of Suionia between 1408 and 1424. He was the son of Queen Regent Blanche I of Arendaal and Karl August of Saxony (a younger son of Holy Germanic Emperor Emperor Lothar II). Niklaas III was the last King to rule both nations simultaneously, and his death marked the end of the Union of Bergen (1350 - 1424), a series of personal unions by which the Aren Kings had inherited the Crown of Suionia since the reign of Edvard II. His imposing personality and political cunning was what allowed the Union to survive, and with his death it rapidly dissolved. Powerful noble factions in Suionia rose up against the rule of the Aren Kings in 1424 and Niklaas' daughter Madeleine I was never crowned ruler of Suionia.


Wedding banquet of King Niklaas III of Arendaal and Princess Anna of Franken


Niklaas III's rule had a profound impact on Arendaal (and to a great extent on Suionia as well), northern Europe would never be the same again after his rule. He was the first Aren "Renaissance" ruler, a diplomat, politician and patron of scholars, artists, and poets.

His reign coincided with and fostered the true beginning of the Rensaissance in Arendaal, which had begun to be introduced to the country under the rule of Niklaas' mother Queen Blanche. He also built the magnificent Villa d'Nord, the best example of early Renaissance in northern Europe and one of the most famous architectural marvels of the Renaissance anywhere in Europe.

Aren Royalty
Kapétien Dynasty
House of Kronhielm

House of Langsvard
Last monarch
   Blanche I of Arendaal
Children include
   Niklaas III of Arendaal
   Kristine,TalemantineEmpress
Niklaas III
Consort
   Anna of Franken
Children include
   Madeleine I of Arendaal
Madeleine I
Consort
   Charles of Montelimar
Children include
   Pieter I of Arendaal
   Gustav IV of Arendaal
   Madeleine, Holy Germanic Empress
   Sigrid,HolyGermanicEmpress
   Frederika,QueenofEiffelland
Pieter I
Consort
   Eliana of the Talemantine Empire
Gustav IV
Consort
   Niccola of Potenza
Children include
   Harald III of Arendaal
   Anne, Queen of Montelimar
   Nikolina,TalemantineEmpress
Harald III
Consort
   Ottavia of the Talemantine Empire
Children include
   Marguerite I of Arendaal
   Rurik II of Arendaal
Marguerite I
Consort
   Juan Carlos of Coronado
Children include
   Frederik II of Arendaal
   Gisela, Queen of Franken
   Malena,HolyGermanicEmpress
Rurik II
Consort
   Caitlin of Eireann
Children include
    Dukes of Skaneland
Succeeded by
    Frederik II of Arendaal
House of Norregaard

King Niklaas III with his advisors

He was a consummate statesman, resolving to rule by striking a balance between diplomatic machinations and political intrigues rather than rely heavily on military might, as medieval Kings had done. He as an able if autocratic ruler who fostered the first strong trade links between Arendaal and southern, eastern and western Europe - immeasurably increasing the trade routes that had henceforth been used by Aren merchants.

This was especially thanks to the efforts of his sister, Empress Kristine of the Talemantine Empire, consort of Emperor Beniamino VI.

After the devastating toll taken by the plague of the 14th century, the following century of recovery saw the restoration of trading missions, population movements and increased wealth. Trade, learning, scholars and artists flowed north to Arendaal. Many artists in Aren Renaissance artists were of southern descent, including Leonardo Da Vinci and Botticelli.


King Niklaas III's wife, Anna of Franken


Perhaps Niklaas III's greatest contribution to posterity was his role as the Renaissance's first great Royal patron in Northern Europe. It was he who set the example of artistic patronage that would be copied by the Aren nobility and his successors up to the present day. He was an artist himself, a writer of poetry, in which he celebrates life even while—particularly in his later works—acknowledging with melancholy the fragility and instability of the human condition. Love, feasts and light dominate his verse. He dedicated a number of his works to his Queen, Anna of Franken.

Family, Marriage and ChildrenEdit

King Niklaas III of Arendaal married Princess Anna of Franken. Their children included:

SiblingsEdit

Other Royal RelationsEdit

AncestorsEdit

Niklaas III of Arendaal's ancestors in four generations:

 
 
 
 
 
Holy Germanic Emperor Friedrich I*
 
 
Holy Germanic Emperor Emperor Lothar I
 
 
 
 
 
 
Holy Germanic Empress
 
 
Holy Germanic Emperor Emperor Lothar II
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
Holy Germanic Empress
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
Karl August of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
x
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
Holy Germanic Empress
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
x
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
Niklaas III of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
King of Suionia
 
 
King Edvard II of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
Queen Gisela I of Arendaal
 
 
Crown Prince Lief of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
King Charles VII of Montelimar
 
 
Louise of Montelimar
 
 
 
 
 
 
Queen of Montelimar
 
 
Queen Regent Blanche I of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
King Edmund II of Anglyn
 
 
King Edmund III of Anglyn
 
 
 
 
 
 
Queen of Anglyn
 
 
Martha of Anglyn
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
Wilma of Northumbria
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 

*Note:Friedrich I was the brother of Immanuelle of Saxony, Queen of Arendaal

See AlsoEdit

Kapétien Dynasty
House of Kronhielm

Aren Regnal Titles
Preceded by
Queen Blanche I
1388 - 1408
King of Arendaal
1408 – 1424
Succeeded by
Queen Madeleine I
1424 – 1444
Prince of Norseberg
1408 – 1424
Grand Duke of Emyn Arnen
1408 – 1424
Suionian Royalty
Preceded by
Queen Blanche I
King of Suionia
1408 - 1424
Succeeded by
x
Aren Royalty
Preceded by
Queen Blanche I
Crown Prince of Arendaal
Prince of Fjordholm

1389 - 1408
Succeeded by
Queen
Madeleine I

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