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Pieter I of Arendaal
By the Grace of God, King of all Arendaal
http://i90.photobucket.com/albums/k251/r_l_777/pietermemling-1.png
King of Arendaal
Reign 1444 – 1454
Coronation June1424, Kronstad
Predecessor Queen Madeleine I
Successor King Gustav IV
Consort Eliana of the Talemantine Empire
Birth 18 November 1424, Emyn Arnen
Death 12 May 1477, Loire
Mother Queen Regent Madeleine I of Arendaal
Father Charles of Montelimar
Issue no surviving issue
Royal House Kapétien Dynasty
House of Kronhielm
Full Name Pieter der Kronhielm-Kapét
Religion Christian (Catholic)
Buried Kronhielm Tombs, Emyn Arnen

Pieter I of Arendaal ("Pieter the Mad") (1424 - 1477) was the King of Arendaal between 1444 and 1454. He was the son of Queen Regent Madeleine I of Arendaal and Prince Charles of Montelimar. Pieter is famous for suffering from insanity, which became progressively worse and the King was made to abdicate in 1454 in favour of his younger brother Gustav IV. Gustav had acted as Pieter's regent since 1450, due to the latter's increasingly deteriorating mental stability.

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King Pieter the Mad

From an early age Pieter's probably mental state seems to have been volatile. Modern researchers believe his condition to have been hereditary, possibly a form of schizophrenia. Though he was crowned King in 1444, his administrators and close advisors took care of the day to day business of state throughout his reign. He made an important dynastic match, marrying the daughter of the Talemantine Emperor, Princess Eliana.

She remained his Queen until his abdication, at which point her brother-in-law Gustav IV agreed to obtain an annulment for her marriage. Eliana then married the Grand Duke of Haakonsberg and had issue, remaining a key figure at Gustav's court (for instance, she arranged the marriage of Gustav's son, the future King Harald III to her own niece Ottavia of the Talemantine Empire). Some historians believe that Pieter I never consummated his marriage with Eliana, and many accounts suggest that he would often not recognize her.


Aren Royalty
Kapétien Dynasty
House of Kronhielm

House of Langsvard
Last monarch
   Blanche I of Arendaal
Children include
   Niklaas III of Arendaal
   Kristine,TalemantineEmpress
Niklaas III
Consort
   Anna of Franken
Children include
   Madeleine I of Arendaal
Madeleine I
Consort
   Charles of Montelimar
Children include
   Pieter I of Arendaal
   Gustav IV of Arendaal
   Madeleine, Holy Germanic Empress
   Sigrid,HolyGermanicEmpress
   Frederika,QueenofEiffelland
Pieter I
Consort
   Eliana of the Talemantine Empire
Gustav IV
Consort
   Niccola of Potenza
Children include
   Harald III of Arendaal
   Anne, Queen of Montelimar
   Nikolina,TalemantineEmpress
Harald III
Consort
   Ottavia of the Talemantine Empire
Children include
   Marguerite I of Arendaal
   Rurik II of Arendaal
Marguerite I
Consort
   Juan Carlos of Coronado
Children include
   Frederik II of Arendaal
   Gisela, Queen of Franken
   Malena,HolyGermanicEmpress
Rurik II
Consort
   Caitlin of Eireann
Children include
    Dukes of Skaneland
Succeeded by
    Frederik II of Arendaal
House of Norregaard

Pieter abdication in 1454 spawned rumours that King Gustav IV had engineered his brother's downfall. Such speculation is dismissed by serious historians. The two brothers were considered close, and overwhelming evidence in the form of letters shows that Gustav cared deeply for his sibling's well-being. After his abdication, Pieter I lived comfortably, and often contently, with an entire household of caretakers at Loire Chateau, where Gustav IV visited him frequently.

Pieter never showed the slightest inclination to return to the throne, and treated his former wife as a sister. Pieter's confessor, when writing an account of the King's life, professed of Gustav: "never could a brother be more kind or more gentle".


King Pieter I (left) with his brother Gustav IV (wearing a red cap)


Pieter may have had an affair with Odette av Sunblad, a member of his household, engaged by Gustav to act as "companion" to Pieter. Her two children are often thought to have been fathered by Pieter, although they were formally recognized by her own husband as his legitimate children. Apparently she loved and cared for Pieter the utmost patience and devotion. She is credited for introducing playing cards to Arendaal, for the amusement of Pieter I during his paroxysms of insanity.

Family, Marriage and ChildrenEdit

King Pieter I of Arendaal married Princess Eliana of the Talemantine Empire. The couple had no surviving issue, and Pieter I was succeeded by his brother Gustav IV

SiblingsEdit

Other Royal RelationsEdit

AncestorsEdit

Pieter I of Arendaal's ancestors in four generations:

 
 
 
 
 
King Louis V of Montelimar
 
 
King Henri VIII of Montelimar
 
 
 
 
 
 
Queen of Montelimar
 
 
King Jean V of Montelimar
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
Queen of Montelimar
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
Charles of Montelimar
 
 
 
 
 
 
King Edvard II of Arendaal
 
 
Crown Prince Lief of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
Louise of Montelimar
 
 
Nissa of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
King Edmund III of Anglyn
 
 
Martha of Anglyn
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wilma of Northumbria
 
Pieter I of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
Crown Prince Lief of Arendaal (10)
 
 
Queen Regent Blanche I of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
Martha of Anglyn (11)
 
 
King Niklaas III of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
Holy Germanic Emperor Emperor Lothar II
 
 
Karl August of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
Holy Germanic Empress
 
 
Queen Regent Madeleine I of Arendaal
 
 
 
 
 
 
Duke Thomas IV of Franken
 
 
Duke Uwe V of Franken
 
 
 
 
 
 
Duchess of Franken
 
 
Anna of Franken
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
Duchess of Franken
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 

See AlsoEdit

Kapétien Dynasty
House of Kronhielm

Aren Regnal Titles
Preceded by
Queen Madeleine I
1424 – 1444
King of Arendaal
1444 - 1454
Succeeded by
King Gustav IV
1454 - 1480
Prince of Norseberg
1444 - 1454
Grand Duke of Emyn Arnen
1444 - 1454
Aren royalty
Preceded by
Queen Madeleine I
Crown Prince of Arendaal
Prince of Fjordholm

1424 - 1444
Succeeded by
King Gustav IV

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